Resources on Himalayan Music and Dance

The following bibliography provide resources on Ethnomusicology, Theatre and Dance, Oral literature and Anthropology related to Himalayan Music and Dance. It  includes works in western languages as well as resources in Nepali, Newari, Pahari dialects, Tibetan, Sanskrit, Hindi, Bengali and Urdu.. This bibliography concerns  musicians, music and musical language, performing arts (theater and dance) as well as studies made by sanskritists, linguists, historians, anthropologists, folklorist and specialists of oral literature. 

Ethnomusicology | Theatre and Dance | Oral literature | Anthropology | Discography |

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Ethnomusicology

Aubert, L.

  • 1988, "Les musiciens dans la société néwar ; contribution à l'ethnographie de la Vallée de Kathmandu", Genève, Bulletin du Musée d'Ethnographie, 30, pp.31-67.

  • 1991, "La voix des ancêtres. La musique comme fait humain", Laurent Aubert (éd.) Mondes en musique, Genève, Musée d'ethnographie, pp.11-21.

  • 1997, ""Piégée par les musiques d'Asie" : le besoin de comprendre". Entretien avec Mireille Helffer. Cahier de Musiques Traditionnelles. X, Genève, Georg, pp. 273-290.

Bake, A, A.

  • 1959, "Folk traditions in Nepal-Continuity and Change", Folklore 70, pp. 313-322.

Bech, T.

  • 1975,  "Nepal, the Gaine Caste of Beggar-Musicians",The World of Music, 17 (1), pp.28-35; French Translation "Népal : la caste des musiciens-mendiants Gaine",  ibid. pp.51-54.

Bernède, F.

  • 1992, "Hurkiyas et Jagariyas du Kumaon. Récits chantés et Musique de Transe dans l'Himalaya central", unpublished report.

  • 1994, “Un récit de divinité au Kumaon (Himalaya central), composition générale et fonction des interprètes”, in Revel, N et Champion, C (éds.,) Les littératures de la voix : les épopées, INALCO, Paris. pp. 69-72.  
  • 1995a, "Rapport préliminaire d'une mission d'ethnomusicologie dans l'ouest du Népal (Janvier-Février 1994)", unpublished report.  
  • 1995b, "La musique et la ville, le cas des villes royales népalaises, (juillet-septembre 1995)", unpublished report..
  • 1996, “Musique et rites chez les Newar du Népal”, Rythme et Raison 6, pp. 10 -14.
  • 1997a, (ed.,) Himalayan Music, State of the Art, A special double issue of the European Bulletin of Himalayan Research, CNRS, Paris ; SOAS, London ; SAI, Heidelberg.
  • 1997b “Music and Identity among the Maharjan Farmers”, in Bernède, F. (éd.,) Himalayan Music, State of the Art, A special double issue of the European Bulletin of Himalayan Research, CNRS, Paris ; SOAS, London ; SAI, Heidelberg. pp 21-56.  
  • 1997c, Musique et Religion chez les Néwar: Le tambour dhimay à Katmandou, (unpublished DEA thesis) in Social Anthropology and Ethnomusicology. Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, Paris.
  • 1998-1999, "Salut l'artiste ! On Musical Teaching", A special Double Issue on Photography Dedicated to Corneille Jest, European Bulletin of Himalayan Research, CNRS, Paris ; SOAS, London ; SAI, Heidelberg, Number 15-16. p. 19.  
  • 2000, Review of  S. Laurent, Nepal, Ritual and Entertainment (CD), Cahiers de Musiques traditionnelles , 8, Genève, Georg, pp. 237-239.
  • 2002, "Le geste divinisé : Regards sur la transe ritualisée au Kumaon (Himalaya occidental), Cahiers de Musiques traditionnelles , 14, Genève, Georg.
  • in press, "Le détour par l'orient : Regards croisés sur quelques principes de la facture instrumentale et de l'organologie",  International Forum of traditional Arts. Actes du Séminaire de Jakarta. 4-7 mai 2000, CCF de Jakarta.

Bonzager Flaes, R.M.

  • 1991, "Frozen brass - the Nepali marriage band", Natural History  9, pp.38-47.

Canzio, R.

  • 1977, 'The Place of Music and Chant in Tibetan Religious Culture' in P. Kvaerne et M. Brauen (edit.): Tibetan Studies. Zurich: Volkerkunde Museum der Universität Zurich.
    An examination of Tibetan musical notions in the light of classical Tibetan culture emphasizing doctrinal concepts of Buddhism concerning ritual practices as exposed in various texts and supported by the oral tradition.
  • 1979, 'Sakya Pandita and its Relevance to Present-day Sakya Ritual Practices'. Ph.D. Thesis. School of Oriental & African Studies: London.
    Work based on the translation of a Tibetan text of the XIIth century and its commentary of the XVIth century and ethnographic data from the examination of relevant extant oral transmission. Comparison between existing native theories and contemporary practices.
  • 1980, 'On the Way of Playing the Drums and Cymbals Among the Sakyas' in Aris M./Aung San Suu Kyi (edit.): Tibetan Studies in honour of H. Richardson. Aris & Phillips: Warminster (UK).
    Ethnographic description of the instrumental practices found in Tibetan liturgy.
  • 1981, 'Ceremonias tibetanas: el culto de los Guardianes de la Doctrina' in Estudios de Asia y Africa, XVI:2. Mexico City: El Colegio de Mexico.
    'Tibetan ceremonies: The cult of the Guardians of the Doctrine'. Analysis of the historical development of a most important form of Tibetan rituals, the cult of the protective divinities. Description of the original Indian core of the rite and its later Tibetan additions.
  • 1985, 'Aspects of Ceremonial Behaviour in Bonpo Monastic Life' in Aziz, B. and Kapstein, M. (edit.): Soundings in Tibetan Civilization, Motilal Banarsidas: New Delhi.
    Description and analysis of the protocol and the ceremonial behaviour that rules monastic life seen independently from the performative aspects of ritual. Examination of the prescriptive norms and real life behaviour.
  • 1986a, 'The Bonpo Tradition: Ritual Practices, Ceremonials, Protocol and Monastic Behaviour' in Jamyang Norbu (edit.) Zlo-gar. Library of Tibetan Works & Archives: Dharamsala (India).
    Overview of the formal aspects of Bonpo monastic life.
  • 1987, 'Aspects de l'improvisation dans la musique Hindousthani' in B. Lortat Jacob (edit.): L'improvisation dans les musiques à tradition orale. Paris: SELAF.
    'Aspects of improvisation in Hindusthani Music'. Description of compositional procedures, improvisation models and perception strategies in Hindusthani music with a semiological approach.
  • 1988a, 'Les rythmes indiens, approche analytique' in Les musiques Guadalopéennes dans le champ culturel afro-américain au sein des musiques du monde. Paris: Editions Caribéennes.
    'Indian rhythms. An analytical approach'. An overview of Northern Indian rhythmics.
  • 1988b, 'Etude d'une céremonie de propitiation Bonpo: le Nag-zhig bskang-ba: structure et exécution' in Blondeau, A-M. and Schipper, K. (edit.): Essais sur le Rituel I. Actes du colloque du Centenaire de la section de sciences religieuses de l'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes. Louvain: Peeters.
    'Study of a Bonpo propitiatory ceremony. Tha Nag-zhig ceremony of atonement'. An examination of the liturgical structure and an analysis of the recitation formulae of the Bonpo. The approach considers the interaction between various parameters of analysis such as periodicity, melodic contour and metrical stress.
  • 1990, 'Extending to All Beings the Long Arm of Liberation: Three Bonpo Texts on the Manner of Commencing the Practice of the Inner, Outer and Secret Practices' in Skorupski, T. (edit.) Indo-Tibetan Studies. Tring (U.K.): Institute of Buddhist Studies.
    Ritual practices in Bonpo doctrine being placed on an equal footing with intellectual study and meditation we examine three Tibetan texts concerned with the order of ritual and modes of performance.
  • 1995, "Après le terrain, réflexions sur les textes, la méthodologie et le discours ethnographique en ethnomusicologie" Cahier de Musiques Traditionnelles. VIII, Genève, Georg, pp. 173-191.
  • 1998, 'Change in Performative Aspects of Tibetan Bonpo liturgy' in Essays on the Structure of the Court Musics of East and Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the 4th Asia Pacific Society for Ethnomusicology. Taipei: Council for Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan.

Chandola, A.

  • 1977, Folk Druming in the Himalayas. A linguistic Approach to Music, New-York, AMS Press. [Review by S.A. Tyler, Ethnomusicology XXII/3 (1978), pp.519-520].

Chauhan, I.E.N.

  • 1973, "Ethnomusicology and Kinnaur. A suggested Methodology", Sangeet natak [Journal of the Sangeet Natak Akademi], New-Delhi, 27, pp.27-48.

Darnal, Ram Saran

  • 1977, Musical Instruments of Nepal, An exibition of Musical Instruments of Nepal, Kathmandu, Royal Nepal Academy.

Dominé-Datta, M.T.

  • 1976, "Himalaya : The Epics of Kumaon", The World of Music, 18 (1), pp.23-29.

Drukpa, J.

  • 1995, An Introduction to Bhutanese Folk Music, Rauland Academy.

  • 1999, The Bhutanese Danyen, A study of an ancient musical instrument with emphasis on th techniques of playing it. Dissertation in Ethnomusicology (M. Phil.), Grieg Academy -Institute for Music, University of Bergen (Unpublished Thesis).

Ellingson, T.

  • 1970, The Technique of Chordal singing in the Tibetan Style in: American Anthropologist. Vol. 72,  pp. 826-831.
  • 1974, Musical Flight in Tibet in: Asian Music. 5/2, pp.3-44.
  • 1979, (ed.) Asian Music 10/2 Tibet Issue.
  • 1979, The Mathematics of Tibetan Rol-mo in: Ethnomusicology XXIII/2 , pp. 225-243.
  • 1979, Don rta dbyangs gsum: Tibetan Chant and Melodic Categories in: Asian Music 10/2, pp. 112-156.
  • 1981, The Mandala of Sound ( Ph. D. University of Wisconsin,Madison 1979) Ann Arbor.
  • 1986, Buddhist Musical Notations in Tokumaru and Yamaguti (eds), The Oral and Literate in Music, Japan: Academia Musica , 302-341.
  • 1991, "Nasa:dya:, Newar god of music. A photo Essay.", Selected Reports in Ethnomusicology, 8, pp.221-272.
  • N. D. Indian Drum Syllables in Tibet,  Journal of Himalayan Studies.

Friedlander, D.

  • 1991, Rituels et chants de mariage tibétains. Essai d'exposition du matériel recueilli dans la région de Humla., unpublished memoir, INALCO.

Galodé, J.

  • 1989, Gâine et / ou Gandharva. La condition d'une caste de musiciens au Népal, unpublished M.A. thesis, Université Paris X, Nanterre.

  • 1991, "Les gâiné du Népal. Poètes intouchables", L'Univers du Vivant , 36, pp.72-83.  

Geoffrey, S.

  • 1976, Songs of Lhasa", Ethnomusicology, 20:3 pp.407-49. 
  • 1986, "Music of the Lhasa Minstrels". in Jamyang Norbu (ed), Zlos-Gar: Performing traditions of Tibet. Library of Tibetan Works and Archives, Dharamsala, India, pp.13-19.
  • 1991, “Music and Shamanic Power in the Gesar Epic.” In Jamie Kassler (ed), Metaphor: A Musical Dimension, Currency Press, Sydney, pp.89-108.

Giannattasio, F.

  • 1988, " I rapporti tra musica e transe nello sciamanismo nepalese", in Mastromattei R., La terra reale ; Dèi, spiriti, uomini in Nepal, pp.183-226, Roma, Valerio Levi Editore.

Grandin, I.

  • 1989, Music and media in local life. Music practice in a Newar nighbourhood in Nepal, Linköping University (Suède), Linköping Studies in Art and Science n°41. [Reviews by T. Ellingson, Ethnomusicology , 35(2), (1991), pp.269-272 and by M.Helffer, Yearbook for Traditional Music , 23 (1991), pp.145-146.

  • 1993, "Kathmandu, a Valley Fertile for Music", Himal, 6 (6), pp.23-27.

  • 1994, "Nepalese Urbanism : a Musical Exploration", in M. Allen ed., Anthropology of Nepal. Peoples, Problems and Processes, Mandala Book Point, Kathmandu.

  • 1995, "Sauhrdyamangalam", in M. Juntunen, W.L. Smith, C. Suneson (eds.,)  Studies in honour of Siegfried Lienhard on his 70th birthday, pp.117-139, Stockholm, The Association of Oriental Studies

  • 1995, "One song, five continents and thousand years of Musical Migration", Sargam, 1(1), pp.56-65.

Helffer, M.

  • 1969, "Fanfares villageoises au Népal", Objets et Mondes , 9 (1), pp. 51-58.

  • 1975, Review of J. Levy, Tibetan Buddhist Rites from the Monasteries of Bhutan, Yearbook for Traditional Music , 7, pp. 180-183.

  • 1976, Traditions musicales des Sa-skya-pa relatives au culte de Mgon-po in Journal Asiatique vol. 264 , pp. 357-404.

  • 1977, Les chants dans l'épopée tibétaine de Ge-sar d'aprés le Livre de "La course de Cheval" Paris-Genève, Droz,
    (Centre de recherches d'histoire et de philologie de la IV ème Section de l'E.P.H.E., II-Hautes Etudes Orientales, vol. 9)

  • 1977, "Une caste de chanteurs musiciens : les gainé du Népal", L'Ethnographie  73, pp. 45-75.

  • 1979, Review of A. Chandola, Folkdrumming in the Himalayas. A Linguistic  Approach to Music, L'Homme  19 (2), pp. 109-111.

  • 1990, Review of L. Aubert, NEPAL, Musique de fête chez les Newar (disc), Yearbook for Traditional Music , 22, pp. 168-169.

  • 1981, Note à propos d'une clochette gshang (Tibet et régions de cuture tibétaine) in Objets et Mondes 21/3, Paris , 129-134, 10 fig..

  • 1983, Le gandi, un simandre tibétain d'origine indienne in: Yearbook for Traditionl Music, vol. 15 , pp.112-125, 2 ill.

  • 1983, "Observations concernant le tambour rnga: symbolisme, usage et notation", N. Jairazbhoy (ed.), Selected Reports in Ethnomusicology     vol. IV  (Essays in Honour of Peter Crossley-Holland in his sixty-fifth Birthday) Los Angeles: University of California , pp.62-97, 9 ill, 8 fig .

  • 1983, Les instruments de musiques liés à la pratique des Tantra, d'après un texte de Kun-grol grags-pa ‚Ja'.tshon snying-po in: E. Steinkellner and H. Tausher (eds.), Contributions on Tibetan Language and Culture vol. 1 (Proceedings of the Cosma de Körös Symposium held at Velm-Vienna, Austria, 13-19 september 1981), Wien  pp.82-107, 4 ph.h.t.

  • 1985, Essai pour une typologie de la cloche tibétaine dril-bu in: Arts Asiatiques tome XL , pp.53-67, 18 fig.

  • 1989, Organologie et symbolisme dans la tradition tibétaine: le cas de la clochette drilbu et du tambour damaru/cang-te'u in: Cahiers des Musiques Traditionnelles 2, Genève , pp.33-50, 5 fig.

  • 1990, Recherches récentes concernant l'emploi des notations musicales dans la tradition tibétaine in F. Meyer (ed.) Tibet: Civilisation et Société, Paris: Editions de la Fondation Singer-Polignac, pp. 59-84, 17 fig.

  • 1991, Review of I. Grandin, Music and media in local life. Music practice in a Newar neighbourhood in Nepal, Yearbook for Traditional Music , 23, pp. 145-146.

  • 1992, Review of P. Moisala, Cultural Cognition in Music. Continuity and Change in the Gurung Music in Nepal, Yearbook for Traditional Music, 24, pp. 163-164.

  • 1993, An Overview of Western Work on Ritual Music of Tibetan Buddhism in M.P. Baumann, A. Simon and U. Wegner (editors), European Studies in Ethnomusicology: Historical Developments and Recent Trends Wilhelmshaven: Florian Noetzel Verlag , 87-101 (Intercultural Studies 4)

  • 1994 Mchod-rol, Les instruments de la musique tibétaine. Paris, CNRS Editions-Editions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme [with CD].

  • 1994, "Traditions tibétaines relatives à l'origine du tambour". In P. Kvaerne ed., Tibetan Studies. Proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, 1, 318-334, Oslo, The Institute for Comparative Research in Human Culture.

  • 1995, Review of C. Tingey, Auspicious Music in a Changing Society. The Damâi Musicians of Nepal, Cahiers de Musiques traditionnelles , 8, Genève, Georg,  pp. 237-239.

  • 1995, Les instruments de la music tibétaine Paris

  • 1995, Traditions musicales des rnying-ma-pa in: PIATS Gratz  Wien 1997, pp.363-383

  • 1997 "L'origine des instruments de musique d'après un texte bonpo du XIXe siècle", Les Habitants du toit du monde. Hommage à Alexander W. Macdonald, études recueillies par Samten Karmay et Philippe Sagant, Nanterre, Société d'ethnologie : pp. 343-363.

Helffer, M. and Gaborieau, M.

  • 1969, "Problèmes posés par un chant de Tihar", L'Ethnographie , 1968 (9), pp.69-89.

  • 1974, "A propos d'un tambour du Kumaon et de l'ouest du Népal: remarques sur l'utilisation des tambours-sabliers dans le monde indien, le Népal et le Tibet", in Studia instrumentorum musicae popularis III, Homage to Ernst Emsheimer on the occasion of his 70th birthday, pp.75-80 and pp.268-272, Stockholm, Nordiska Musikförlaget 6523.

Helffer, M. and A.W. Macdonald

  • 1966, "Sur un sârangi de gâine", Objets et Mondes, 6 (2), pp. 133-142.

  • 1975, "Remarks on Nepali Sung Verse", in A.W. Macdonald ed., Essays on the Ethnology of Nepal and South Asia, pp.175-265, Kathmandu, Ratna Pustak Bhandar. [Translation of Helffer and Macdonald, "Remarques sur le vers népali chanté", L'Homme, 8 (3), (1968), 37-95 ; 8 (4), pp. 58-91].

Helffer, M. and A. de Sales

  • 1993, "Nepalese Archives of the Department of Ethnomusicology in the Musée de l'Homme, Paris (1960-1975)", European Bulletin of Himalayan Resarch  n°5, pp. 24-25.

Himal magazine  

  • 1993, An ear for music, 6 (5).

Hoerburger, F.

  • 1970, "Folk Music in the Caste System of Nepal", 1970 Yearbook for Traditional Music, 2, pp. 142-147.

  • 1975, Studien zur Musik in Nepal, Gustav Bosse Verlag, Regensburg, Regensburger Beiträge zur musikalischen Volks-u.-Völkerkunde, Band 2.

Kaufmann, W.

  • 1962, The Folksongs of Nepal in: Ethnomusicology. Band 6, pp. 93-113.

  • 1967, Musical Notation of the Orient Bloomington (Ind.) and London , (2) 1972, pp. 355-417.

  • 1975, Tibetan Buddhist Chant Bloomington, Ind. 

Lahtinen, P. and M.

  • 1978, "Gurung village music", Antropologiska Studier, Stockholm, pp. 33-41.

Laurent, S.

  • 1997, "The Music at Manakamana Temple: Essay on the Style of the Ritual Music of Damai Musicians", in Bernède, F. (éd.,) Himalayan Music, State of the Art, A special double issue of the European Bulletin of Himalayan Research, CNRS, Paris ; SOAS, London ; SAI, Heidelberg. pp 121-135.  

Malyon, T.

  • 1993, "Ancient Rhythms and Modern Messages" [Ladakh], Himal , 6 (6), pp. 32-33.

Moisala, P.

  • 1984, "An ethnographic description of the mâdal-drum and its making among Gurungs (Nepal)", Suomen Antropologi , 4, pp. 234-239.

  • 1989, "Gurung music and cultural identity", Kailash, A Journal of Himalayan Studies , 15 (3-4), pp. 207-223.

  • 1990, Review of G.M. Wegner, The Naykhibaja of the Newari Butchers. Studies in Newari Drumming II, Ethnomusicology , 31 (1), pp. 159-161.

  • 1991, Cultural Cognition in Music, Continuity and Change in the Gurung Music in Nepal. Helsinki, Gumerus Kirjanpaino Oy, Suomen etnomusikologisen seuran julkaisuja, 4. Review by P.K. Sorensen in the World of Music , 1994 (1), pp. 108-110 and by M. Helffer in Yearbook for Traditional Music , 1992 (24), pp. 163-164.

  • 1993, "Gurungien musiikki ja identiteetti Nepalin kansallisvaltion muodostamisen kontekstissa, musiikin suhde kulttuuri-identiteettiin", Etnomusikologian vuosikirja 5 (30)["Cultural identity and music in the context of nation-building", communication at the 29th Conference of the International Musicological Society, Sydney].

  • 1994, "Gurung Music in Terms of Gender", Etnomusikologian vuosikirja  6 (40).

  • in print "Music of Ethnic Groups living outside the Kathmandu Valley", in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians.

  • in print, "Music in Nepal", in Garland Encyclopedia of World Music Vol.5 : South Asia.

Oppitz, M.

  • 1990, "Le tambour re et son pouvoir", Cahiers de Musiques Traditionnelles 3 (Musique et Pouvoir), Genève, Georg,  pp. 79-95.

  • 1991, "Die magische Trommel re", in  Kuper M. (ed.,) Hungrige Geister und rastlose Seelen : Texte zur Schamanismusforschung, Berlin, Dietrich Reimer Verlag, pp. 77-107.

Ross, A.H.

  • 1978, Catalog of the Terence R. Bech Nepal Research Collection, Archives of Traditional Music, Folklore Institute, Indiana University, Bloomington.

Sharma, D.R. and Wegner, G.M.

  • 1994, "The bâjâ guthi of Badhikhel", in M. Allen (ed.,) Anthropology of Nepal. Peoples, Problems and Processes, pp. 434-437, Kathmandu, Mandala Book Point.

Sharma, M.

  • 1998a, Tribal Melodies of Himachal pradesh, Gaddi Folk Music, APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.133 pages.

  • 1998b, Tribal Melodies of Himachal Pradesh, Lahaul Valley. APH Publishing Corporation, New Delhi.139 pages.

Tingey, C.

  • 1989, "The Nepalese field-work of Dr. Arnold Adriaan Bake", in M.L. Philipp (ed.,) Ethnomusicology and the Historical Dimension, pp. 83-88, Ludwisburg, Philipp Verlag.

  • 1990 a, "Variation making in the wedding band music of Central Nepal", ICTM/UK Bulletin 26, pp. 4-16.

  • 1990 b, "Music and dance", in J.Whelpton ed., Nepal, pp. 241-243, Oxford : Clio, World Bibliographical Series N°38.

  • 1990 c, Heartbeat of Nepal. The Pañcai Bâjâ, Kathmandu, Royal Nepal Academy.

  • 1990 d, Pañcai Bâjâ Music of Nepal : Auspicious Ensembles in a Changing Society, Ph.D. dissertation, London, S.O.A.S.

  • 1991, "The ethnomusicological research of Dr. A.A. Bake", European Bulletin of Himalayan Research 1, pp. 20-21.

  • 1992 a, "Sacred kettledrums in the temples of Central Nepal", Asian Music , 23 (2), pp. 90-104.

  • 1992 b, "Digging up data in a Nepalese field", Musical Times , 133 (1790), pp. 170-173.

  • 1993, "Auspicious woman, auspicious song. The mangalinî of Kathmandu", British Journal of Ethnomusicology  2, pp. 55-74.

  • 1994 a, Auspicious Music in a Changing Society. The Damâi musicians of Nepal, London, SOAS Musicology Series,.2, Review by M. Helffer, Cahiers de Musiques Traditionnelles, 8, 1995, pp. 237-239.

  • 1994 b, "The hills are alive", in S. Broughton, M. Ellingham, D. Muddyman and R. Trillo eds., World Music. The Rough Guide, pp. 235-238, London, Harrap Colombus, Rough Guide Travel Series.

  • 1994 c, "The pañcai bâjâ : reflections of social change in traditional Nepalese music", in M. Allen ed., Nepal : Peoples, Problems and Process, pp. 423-433, Kathmandu, Mandala Book Point.

  • 1995, "The historical perspective of Pañcai bâjâ", in Saragam, 1 (1), pp. 66-71.

Trewin, M.

  • 1987, The Music Culture of Ladakh. London, City University Ladakh Expedition 1986.

  • 1990 a, "Musical Studies in Western Tibet (Ladakh) : Some Historical and Comparative Aspects of the Pioneering Work of August Hermann Francke", in M.P. Baumann, A. Simon, and U. Wegner eds., European Studies in Ethnomusicology : Historical Developments and Recent Trends [Selected Papers Presented at the VIIth Seminar in Ethnomusicology, Berlin , oct.1-6, 1990], pp. 69-86, Wilhelmshaven, Florian Noetzel Verlag.

  • 1990 b, "Rhythmic Style in Ladakhi Music and Dance", in L. Icke-Schwalbe & G. Meier eds., Wissenschaft geschichte und gegenwärtige Forschungen in Nordwest-Indien [Internationales Kolloquim vom 9 bis 13 März 1987 in Hernnhut] pp. 273-276, Dresden, Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde Forschungsstelle.

  • 1993, "Lha-rnga : a Form of Ladakhi Folk Music and its Relationship to the Great Tradition of Tibetan Buddhism", in C. Ramble and M. Brauen eds., Anthropology of Tibet and the Himalaya, pp. 377-385, Zürich, Ethnological Museum of the University of Zürich.

  • 1995, "On the History and Origin of 'Gar'. The Court Ceremonial Music of Tibet", Chime Journal, No.8, pp. 4-32.

  • 1996, Rhythms of the Gods. The Musical Symbolism of Power and Authority in the Tibetan Buddhist Kingdom of Ladakh, Ph.D., London, City University.

Vandor, I.

  • 1978, Musique du Bouddhisme Tibétain Paris: Editions Buchet-Chastel 1976 (= Collection Les Traditions Musicales vol. VII) German translation : Die Musik des tibetischen Buddhism Wilhelmshaven, Heinrichshofen
  • 1976, Aestetics and Ritual Music: Some Remarks with Reference to Tibetan Music in: The World of Music. vol. 18 / 2 , pp. 29-32
  • 1973, Cymbals and Trumpets from the Roof of the World in: Unesco Courrier vol. 26 , pp. 28-30
  • 1973a, La notazione musicale strumentale del buddhismo tibetano in: Nuova Revista Musicale Italiana vol.7 , pp. 335-351
  • 1972, Röl-mo: la musica religiosa tibetana in: Spettatore Musicale vol. 7/5
  • 1975, Tibetan Musical Notation in: The World of Music vol. 2. 

Wegner, G.M.

  • 1986 a, "Anruf der altern Götter. Notation und Analyse einer newarischen Trommel-komposition", in Formen kulturellen Wandels und andere Beiträge zur Erforschung des Himâlaya [Colloquium des Schwerpunktes Nepal, Heidelberg, 1-4 Februar 1984], Nepalica 2, pp. 313-340.

  • 1986 b, The Dhimay baja of Bhaktapur, Studies in Newar drumming I, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag.

  • 1987, "Navadâphâ of Bhaktapur - repertoire and performance of the ten drums -", in N. Gutschow and A. Michaels eds., Heritage of the Kathmandu Valley [Proceedings of an International Conference in Lübeck, june 1985], Nepalica 4 (21), pp. 469-488, Sankt Augustin, VGH Wissenschaftsverlag.

  • 1988, The Nâykhibâjâ of the Newar Butchers, Studies in Newar drumming II, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden GMBH. Review by Pirkko Moisals, Ethnomusicology , 34 (1) (1990), pp. 159-161.

  • 1992, "Invocations of Nâsahdyah", with comments by R.S. Darnal, in B.Kölver ed., Aspects of Nepalese Traditions [Proceedings of a Seminar held under the auspices of Tribhuvan University Research Division and the German Research Council, Kathmandu 1990], pp. 125-137, Franz Steiner Verlag Stuttgart, Publ. of the Nepal Research Centre, No.19.

  • 1993, "The goat and the Music God", Himal , 6 (6), 12-13.

  • 1995, "Learning How to Become a Musician", in Saragam, 1 (1), pp. 53-55.  

  • in press, "Nepal: Traditionnal Music in a Changing World", International Forum of traditional Arts. Actes du Séminaire de Jakarta. 4-7 mai 2000, CCF de Jakarta.

Weisethaunet, H.

  • 1992, "Tradisjon og destruksjon Kastemusikere i Nepal", Studia Musicologica Norvegica 18, pp. 55-82.

Wiehler-Schneider, S. and H. Wiehler

  • 1980, "A Classification of the Traditional Musical Instruments of the Nevars", Journal of the Nepal Research Centre IV (Humanities), pp. 67-132.

Wiehler-Schneider, S.

  • 1982, "A popular song from a Nepalese village", Jährbuch für Musikalische Volks und Völkerkunde Bd.10, pp. 33-52.

Widdess, R.

  • 1992c 'Buddhist dhrupad ? Carya in Nepal', in Dhrupad Annual (Banaras) vol VII, pp. 85-105

  • 1997a 'Carya: the revival of a tradition?', in F. Bernède (ed.), Himalayan music: state of the art, published as special issue of European Bulletin of Himalayan Research, 12-13, pp.12-20
  • in press : Contributions to S. Sadie (ed.), New Grove Dictionary of Music, 7th (ed).: article 'The Kathmandu Valley' (with G.-M. Wegner)

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Singhini Research Centre

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